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bear, Ursus arctos

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A Few words about this pages

This page includes list of wild mammal species that occur in the Carpathian region and obtain protected categories according to one of "red list": "Red Data Book of Ukraine" and Annexes 2-3 to "the Bern Convention". In general, there are 65 "red" species, among them 23 included in the Red Data Book of Ukraine (1994). Species listed in systematic order, according to early published reviews of the fauna (bibliography see below). After the table, a brief analysis of the causes and tempos of the changes in the fauna list in general as well as rare species list is given (in ukr. version only).

Visit these sites

site of Teriological school

site of Ukrainian centre for bat protection

List of rarity mammal fauna

By the portion of protected species, mammals is the most "redbook" group. By orders, rarity species distributed as follows: bats — 23 species, carnivores — 11 species, non-muroid rodents — 9 species, muroid rodents — 8 species, insectivores — 8 species, ungulates — 6 species. Most endangered group is the bats: their species compose 1/3 of the total list of mammal fauna as well as almost one half of all the rarity species (detail information on the bats see on the site: "").

To view the list of species included into Red Lists, click here: [Rarity mammal species list]. Total numbers of the mammal species included in the Red Data Book of Ukraine (2nd ed.) and Annex 2 to Bern Convention are followings:

Long-eared bat, Plecotus austriacus

Order (scientific & english name)

Red Data Book (ukr.)

RBDU + BC (annex 2)

Bern Convention

Chiroptera (bats)




Insectivora (insectivores)




Ferae (carnivores)




Glires non-Muroidea (non-muroid rodents)




Glires Muroidea (mice-like rodents)




Ungulata (ungulates)




Total species





Bibliography (chronological order)

Tatarynov K. A. Mammals of the westerm provincies of Ukraine. Ecology, significance, protection. — Kyiv: Acad. Sci. Ukr. Publishing, 1956. — 188 p. (in Ukrainian).

Kornejev O. P. Keys to mammals of UkSSR. — 2nd edition. — Kyiv: Radjanska Shkola Publishing, 1965. — 236 p. (in Ukrainian).

Корчинский А. В. Грызуны Украинских Карпат (итоги исследования) // Вопр. охр. и рац. использ. раст. и животн. мира Укр. Карпат. — Ужгород: МОИП (Ужгород. отд.), 1988. — С. 156–173.

Червона книга України. Тваринний свiт / За ред. М. М. Щербака. — Київ: Укр. енцикл. — 1994. — 464 с. (in Ukrainian).

Pavlinov I. Ja., Yakhontov Je. L., Agadjanian A. K. Mammals of Eurasia: systematical and geographical reference (3 parts). — Moskwa: Moskow. Univ. Press, 1995. — Pt. 1. Rodentia. — 240 p. — (Annals of Zool. Muz. Mosk. Univ. Vol. 32). (in Russian).

Zagorodniuk I., Pokynchereda V., Kyseliuk A., Dovganich Ya. Mammals fauna of the Carpathian Biosphere Reserve. — Kyiv, Inst. zool. NANU, 1997. — 60 pp. (Suppl. 5 to "Vestnik zoologii"). [In Ukrainian with summary in english]. [PDF-version = 764 kb]

Конвенція про охорону дикої флори і фауни та природних середовищ існування в Європі (Берн, 1979 рік). — Київ: Мінекобезпеки України, 1998. — С. 1–76.

Конвенція про міжнародну торгівлю видами дикої флори і фауни, що перебувають під загрозою зникнення (Вашингтон, 1973 рік) / Упорядник В. Г. Домашлінець. — Київ: Мінекобезпеки України, 1999. — С. 1–84.

Zagorodniuk I. (ed.). Mammals of Ukraine, protected by the Bern Convention. - Kyiv, 1999. - 222 pp. - (Proceedings of the Theriological School, issue 2). [In Ukrainian with summary in english]. [html-content and pdf-files of all parts on the Therioshkola-site]

Zagorodniuk I. V. Genera of mammals in the East-European fauna and their Ukrainian names. Part. 1. General theses. Insectivores, bats, and carnivores // Visnyk Natl. Nat.-Hist. Muz. NAS of Ukraine. 2001. Vol. 1. Pp. 113-131. [In Ukrainian with summary in english].

Zagorodniuk I., Kysselyuk O., Polischuk I., Zenina I. Units of measure of population abundance and the minimal scheme for census of mammals // Visnyk Lvivskogo Univ. (Biology Series). 2002, N 30. Pp. 8-17. (In Ukrainian, with English summary). [pdf 152 kb]

Zagorodniuk I. V. Field key to small mammals of Ukraine. Kyiv, 2002, 60 pp. (Proceedings of the Theriological School, volume 5). [In Ukrainian with summary in english]. [html-content and pdf-files of all parts on the Therioshkola-site]

Zizda Yu. E., Zagorodniuk I. V. Rarity species as sign of exceptionality of the region (on example of the mammal fauna of Carpathians) // Modern problems of ecology (Proceedings of All-Ukrainian conference of young scientists 7–9 November, 2004). Zaporizhzhia, 2004. P. 159–163. [pdf 117 kb].

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page created: November 14, 2003, updated: December 4, 2004.
prerared by: Igor Zagorodniuk